Sunday, September 30, 2018

New Rule: Church and Destroy | Real Time with Bill Maher (HBO)

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The Middle Ages Weren't all Grim: Here's How Peasants Liked to Spend their Leisure Time

The Middle Ages Weren't all Grim: Here's How Peasants Liked to Spend their Leisure Time

The Middle Ages Weren't all Grim: Here's How Peasants Liked to Spend their Leisure Time

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When we think of the Middle Ages, we usually think of knights and kings in castles. However, it's estimated that around 85% of Europe's population in Medieval times were actually peasants. Now, this doesn't mean that they were all necessarily dirt poor and living in mud huts. The peasantry class encompassed everything from freemen who were able to make a (relatively) comfortable living right down to the lowest of the low, the landless serf.
Life was certainly tough for Medieval peasants. They toiled hard in the fields, usually for little or even no pay. But they had some free time, too. In fact, some historians estimate that, thanks to the fact they were employed doing seasonal work, some peasants only worked 160 days a year. So, what did they do in their downtime? Like the modern-day worker, they liked to relax and have fun. From sports to drinking and from gambling to sex, here are just some of the ways peasants spent their leisure time:
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The King would require all peasants to be ready to fight with a bow if necessary. Pinterest.

1. Archery was more than just a game for male peasants – a law said they needed to practice once a week

These days, archery is a minority sport. Not so in the Middle Ages. At that time, it was pretty much everywhere. While only nobles could engage in knightly pursuits such as jousting, archery was open to everyone. In fact, it was positively encouraged. Almost every peasant man would have been able to shoot at arrow at a target. And they did it regularly, and not because they had to.
In some European countries, all men aged between 15 and 60 were required to have a bow of their own. What's more, weekly archery practice was compulsory, usually taking place on a Sunday after mass. In England, for example, the Archery Law of 1252, required that all lower-class males of fighting age be capable of using a bow and arrow. It also stipulated that each village have a 'butt', or a designated space for practicing archery. Alongside this, men would also hold competitions among themselves, though most town contests were reserved for the upper classes. These were even supported by the Church, which, as a rule, frowned upon gambling in every form.
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As the Middle Ages progressed, other sports started to grow in popularity. In some cases, these were outlawed. Playing football, for example, became a crime punishable by prison. Kings were keen to ensure that the men under their command remained, quite literally, fighting fit, and to keep their archery skills up-to-speed. What's more, in 1477, Edward IV even banned cricket after he learned that the new sport was interfering with weekly archery drills.
Evidently, such a focus on making archery the prime leisure activity of the peasantry worked. At the Battle of Crecy in 1346, for example, England's archers used the skills they had honed in their village butts to defeat the French. At the end of that bloody day, the English lost just 50 men, while the French lost an estimated 2,000 soldiers, testament to the power of the longbow over the crossbow, as well as to the skill of England's peasant bowmen.
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Sunday Color

Have Mercy

The Band

Come and Celebrate



Antarctica From Above


Sunday Masks

Today’s Tee

... When You Think About It....

It Started Early

Bad Girls

Bridgette Bardot

Annette Funnicello


They’re Coming for the Cows!

What Kind of Person Are You?

and now...Your Moment of Zen

You Think So?...

You Were Saying?....

Saturday, September 29, 2018

Enjoy National Coffee Day!

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Willie Nelson - One for My Baby (And One More for the Road) (Official Mu...

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BOB WELCH - Sentimental Lady (Original Promo Video)

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22 Cats With Crumbling Charisma That We Just Can’t Resist - Small Joys

22 Cats With Crumbling Charisma That We Just Can't Resist - Small Joys

22 Cats With Crumbling Charisma That We Just Can't Resist

No 2 cats in the world are alike — they are all different. They have their own character and habits. Some of them have a really unusual appearance, some of them are just charming and charismatic, and others simply think that they are bats, not cats.

We always falls in love with cats while writing a new article about them. And this one isn't an exception to that rule!

22. "My friend works for animal control and once she met this little behemoth."

21. When you're really a bat on the inside:

20. "I'm ready to do anything for you."

19. Motherhood be like:

18. Genetics are everything.

17. When you're a protective dad:

16. Caught in the act!

15. When you're unique and always try to show it:

14. There's always that one neighbor that spoils everything:

13. "Here's my 12-year-old cat asking if we have to keep the rambunctious kittens."

12. The most handsome man ever!

11. Elegant maneuver

10. Pet me! Now!

9. Surprise effect in action

8. Hot weather is exhausting.

7. Meet Catiano Purrchelli!

6. Vegetarian cats do exist!

5. When you're a serious man but they always try to pet you:

4. "Oh, OK-OK, slow down."

3. Cats should get at least 16 hours of sleep a day.

2. When your cat is mad at you because you've taken her to the vet:

1. Cats sleep better when they are as close to their owners as possible.

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Designated Driver

Today’s Tee

Make One Move - I Dare You




Cats Love Boxes

Friday, September 28, 2018

National Drink Beer Day! 9/28/18

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Amy Shark - Teenage Dirtbag (Novas Red Room)

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Haley Reinhart "White Rabbit" Naperville RibFest 2018

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It Doesn't Matter When You Eat

It Doesn't Matter When You Eat

It Doesn't Matter When You Eat

There are so many myths and strangely specific rules about when to eat to lose weight, but alone they do nothing to help. Eat a hearty breakfast and light all day. Eat small meals every few hours. Rules around when you eat are less important than you think, and even when they do help, they're not for the reasons you think.

Myth: Eat a Hearty Breakfast, First Thing in the Morning

Sorry, there's nothing special about eating breakfast. It's not "the most important meal of the day." At least, not for everyone. For years, people (especially cereal marketing companies) touted the benefits of breakfast because it supposedly kept you from overeating, jump-started your metabolism, or <insert any other reason to manage weight and obesity>.
But here's the wrinkle: a majority of breakfast studies are biased. A study from The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that most research on skipping breakfast and weight gain was conducted with the explicit intent to force that correlation. Similarly, the argument that school-age children who skip breakfast are more likely to be overweight seems compelling, but the focus is more on the school's breakfast program and whether a child eats enough at home, rather than breakfast itself being some game-changer.

What's more, some of these breakfast studies are funded by the food industry, including cereal companies like Kellogg's and General Mills, who have a vested interest in you eating their very breakfast-y foods. In other words, many of these nutrition studies were methodologically doomed from the get-go.
Personally, I flip-flop between eating breakfast and skipping it. Alone, eating breakfast or skipping it matters less than what you eat, how much of it you eat, and what your other lifestyle choices are. Bottom-line, people eat breakfast for a variety of reasons, but eating or skipping breakfast itself isn't going to help you suddenly drop a pant size. Eat breakfast because you want to and punch anyone who makes you feel bad for skipping it, right in their breakfast-eating face.

Myth: You Need to Eat Small Meals Every 2-3 Hours

I used to work with people who—bless their heart—had every one of their daily six meals perfectly portioned out in crisp-looking plastic food containers. Every few hours they'd make a beeline for the fridge and joyfully nosh for all of five minutes. "Keeps my metabolism stoked," they used to say. But like their sandwiches, that underlying principle was a load of baloney.
Say it with me: Eating many small meals does not "boost" your metabolism. In fact, for some people, the more they eat, the hungrier they feel, and they may end up eating more calories than they would with fewer, larger meals. On the opposite end, having more meals to look forward to throughout the day can benefit some people psychologically, especially when they find dieting to be difficult, and help them avoid binging after a long hangry day at the office. Plus, there are health reasons to both eat and avoid eating frequently, like managing blood sugar.
As this study in The British Journal of Nutrition notes, your body will process all of those calories just the same whether they came in one or three big packages, or seven smaller ones. In essence, frequent meals are simply a key strategy in helping you manage your appetite and mindful consumption, so if more meals works for you, then you do you.

Myth: You Need to Eat Immediately After a Workout

There's a popular notion among the lifting crowd that if you don't have a protein shake and a good source of carbohydrates to replenish your energy reserves within 45 minutes to an hour of your workout, all of your hard work in the gym goes poof, just like that. Since nobody wants to risk having their gains wasted, this fear of missing the all-important "post-workout anabolic window" was perpetuated by a "just in case" mentality.

Luckily, this review of the research in Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition clears things up a little: For most of us, when we eat after our workout doesn't matter so much, as long as we eventually eat a substantial meal (that ideally contains both carbs and protein) at some point after. If you can't sit down and eat a proper meal until hours after your workout, your muscles aren't going to wither up and die like Internet forums will have you believe (whew!).
Not eating immediately after your workout might affect you only if you have another intense workout to do on the same day. Otherwise, you'll be fine. The study's authors share in an interview on Born Fitness that if you've already eaten before your workout, you can lag for up to 6 hours before not eating could start to hurt your recovery. While there's no urgency to eat immediately, that Chipotle burrito is certainly a nice incentive to get your workout done, so if it helps get you to the finish line, by all means, enjoy. However, if you're trying to maximize your benefits in the gym, it's more important that you focus on getting enough protein and calories for the whole day and get enough rest.

Myth: You Need to Stop Eating a Few Hours Before Bedtime

You've probably heard the ill-advised saying to never eat after 6/7/8 at night, because if you do all of your calories will automatically be stored as fat calories and you'll gain weight. The thing is, most diet-related rules of thumb, including those from crash and fad diets, are really just rituals to regulate your eating habits. That's because for a lot of people nighttime eating often involves raids on ice cream, pizza, cookies, and all of the other high-calorie foods that actually can lead to weight gain. Telling you that you "can't" eat after some arbitrarily established time simply helps you control your total calories, and avoids potentially self-destructive habits.
That said, it's worth noting that this advice can certainly apply to people who have digestive issues like gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If that's you, you should definitely avoid eating a couple hours before bedtime, because doing so can aggravate indigestion and heartburn.

Ultimately, all of these strategies can work as part of a weight loss plan, but for reasons that have nothing to do with what those diet guru magazines say. In most cases, they simply ritualize your eating so you manage your hunger and food cravings. However, that doesn't make them somehow magical and guarantee they work for everyone, which is why you should look past the myth to the behavior that may help. Remember, if you want your jeans to fit looser, it comes down to total calories and the habits you personally develop around them. When you eat those calories has a smaller effect than you think.
Illustration by Sam Woolley. Image by with wind, kellywritershouse, joshp, and sociotard.

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